Safa W. Azize*
Cigarette smoking is generally considered as associated with increased risk of a variety of medical disorders. Several studies provide the evidences that a smoking is strongly associated with change the normal status of the lipid profile. The present study aimed to compare the lipid profile between smokers and non smokers and to determine the influence smoking on the lipid profile in our community. Forty smoking males and thirty non-smoking males from different areas of Babylon governorate were included in this study. Their age was ranged between 20 and 40 years. Fasting blood was withdrawn from all groups and used for determination of lipid profile [Cholesterol, Triglyceride (TG), High density lipoprotein (HDL) and Low density lipoprotein (LDL)]. Significantly increased of serum Cholesterol, Triglyceride and Low density lipoprotein with significant decreased in serum high density lipoprotein level in smokers as compared to nonsmokers. These results showed that the mean levels of TC, TG and LDL were increased with increase in the duration of smoking while HDL showed a decreased with the increases duration of smoking. In conclusion this study concluded that smoking because alteration in lipid profile. This smoking might be related in the alteration in serum lipid levels and increases risk for coronary artery disease and other diseases.
Keywords: Cigarette smoking; Lipid profile; Lipoprotein