Chemical analysis of urinary tract stones

Research Article                                                                         

Muthanna Medical Journal
Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2015, Pages 87–92

Falah Mahdi Ali Al-khafaji1*

*Corresponding Author: Falah Mahdi Ali Al-khafaji:
1Department of Surgery/Urology, College of Medicine, Al-Qadissiya University/Al-Diwaniya. Received 25 May 2015; Accepted 22 November 2015; Published 30 December 2015 Copyright © 2015 FA.
This is article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of present study is to reveal the chemical composition of urinary tract stones in patients ministering in Al-Sadir medical city/Al-Najaf. The study conducted from March 2010 -December 2012. Convenience sampling technique was employed. The study included patients of either sex (470 cases, 342 were males 128 were females) and all ages (from 1 to 60 year) were diagnosed with urinary stones. All patients were treated conservatively or by intervention (ESWL, ureteroscopy, PNL, or open surgical therapy). Chemical analysis was performed. Out of 470 patients, 342(72.7%) were males and 128(27.2%) were females. Age of the patients ranging from 1- 60 years. Location of the stones were from various parts of urinary system. Calcium oxalate stones were found in 126 (36.8%) male patients and in 42(32.8%) female patients. Uric acid stones were found in 64(18.7%) male patients and in 6(4.6%) female patients. Struvite stones were found in 6(1.7%) male patients and in 6 (4.6%) female patients. 146(42.6%) male patients and 74(57.8%) female patients were having mixed stones (calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, uric acid and struvite stones). Mixed urinary stones (calcium containing and non-calcium containing stones) constitutes the commonest variety of any stones in our local population of Al-Najaf governorate, Iraq.
Keywords: Calcium oxalate stones, Mixed urinary stones, Uric acid, Struvite stones

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