Coronary angiographic findings in patients with positive family history of premature coronary artery disease

Muthanna Medical Journal
Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2016, Pages 117-121
http://dx.doi.org/10.18081/2410-4590/2016-117-121

Research Article

Alaa Mnsoor Mohsina¹*, Abdulameer Aboodib², Ahmed Alifakhirc³, Hassan Abdulrudha Alnafakhd², Hussein A.F. Nafakhi

1Department of Cardiovascular/Medical College/Kufa University
2Department of Radiology/ Medical College/Kufa University
3Department of Clinical pharmacy/Ministry of Health
4Department of Internal Medicine/Medical College/Kufa University
Received 12 July 2016, Accepted 30 November 2016, Available online 19 December 2016
This is article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright © 2016AM

Abstract

A family history of premature coronary artery disease is an independent and established risk factor for CAD. A total sample of 657 Iraqi patients with coronary artery disease who submitted to routine coronary angiography in our cardiology center, only 72 patients with a positive family history of premature coronary disease were enrolled in this study. Hypertension and left anterior descending artery occlusive disease were more prevalent in 64% of patients with a positive family history of premature CAD (64 %). When comparison had been made between male and female with a positive family history of premature CAD. Smoking and single vessel disease were more frequently encountered in male patients (p value =0.001 and 0.05 respectively). In conclusion and recommendations: screening of first degree relatives of patients with a positive family history of premature CAD and intensive management of other cardiac risk factors particularly hypertension and smoking are required.

Keywords: Coronary angiography; premature coronary disease; Hypertension

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