Salah Abd- Al kader Omran*1, Riyadh Kadhim Mohammed²
We conducted a scientific study for one year at the Specialized Center for Diabetes (Iraq – Samawa) on the rate of increase of white cataract (eye water). Patients were 280 diabetic / type II of aged ≥ 40 years with reduce the development of disease and collected randomly, included women and men. The files of patients were reviewed and the nature of the process the disease of high risk of obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease, high urea, creatinine, and COPD, were involved in this scientific study for a full year at the specialized center for diabetes (Iraq- samawa). Patients were divided to four groups (4 codes); the first is the patient pre – diabetes (30) patient and the second were diabetic (130) patient and the third chronic diabetes (98) patient and the fourth (22) patient under control there is no diabetes. Work was accomplished by the help of the ophthalmologist in diagnosis, transfer and follow-up before injury cataract and after injury cataract and necessary surgery for the two patients We have the main goal of preparing the patient for follow-up and medical treatment by controlling blood sugar and the various risk factors that threaten the life of the patient and during the work). The medications; Metaformin, Daonil, Amyral, Novenorm, Statin, Asprin, Saxaglaptin were used in this study. All precautions to maintain the health of the patients and improve the living, also reducing the rate of diabetes and cataracts eye clearly and according to the census. The age after 65 years were the most vulnerable to cataracts and females (9 -16%) are more likely than men (6% -11%) to have cataracts, as conclusion; the irregular diabetes is a risk factor of cataracts with the cooperation of other factors like age.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus type; Cataract, Risk factor; Patient; Drug